Mudsnails: Family Nassariidae

Mudsnails: Family Nassariidae

I have collected two members of this family vso far: the Bruised Nassa, and Eastern Mudsnail. Below is an Eastern Mudsnail I collected on S. Hutchinson Island 1-17-21.


Eastern Mudsnail (Ilyanassa obsoleta) Say, 1822

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Nassariidae
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Scientific classification
Kingdom:     Animalia
Phylum:     Mollusca
Class:     Gastropoda
Subclass:     Caenogastropoda
Order:     Neogastropoda
Superfamily:     Buccinoidea
Family:     Nassariidae
Iredale, 1916 (1835)
Type genus
Nassarius Dumenil, 1805
Species

The Nassariidae, Nassa mud snails (USA), or dog whelks (UK), are a taxonomic family of small to medium-sized sea snails, marine gastropod mollusks in the clade Neogastropoda.

"Dog whelk" also refers to Nucella lapillus.

Shell description
These snails have rounded shells with a high spire, an oval aperture, and a siphonal notch.

Distribution
This family of snails is found worldwide.

Habitat
These snails are found mostly in shallow water, on sandy or muddy substrates, often intertidally, but sometimes in deep water. They can be present in very large numbers in suitable habitat.

Feeding habits
Nassariidae are primarily active and lively scavengers.

2005 taxonomy
The family Nassariidae is closely related to the family of the true whelks, Buccinidae, because of their shared characteristics in the anatomy of the species in these families,[2][3][4][5]), i.e. a long proboscis, the loss of glandular dorsal folds, and a smaller gland of Leiblein (a dorsal venom gland in the mid-oesophagus).

According to the taxonomy of the Gastropoda by Bouchet & Rocroi (2005) the family Nassariidae consists of four subfamilies:

    Nassariinae Iredale, 1916 (1835) - synonyms: Nassinae Swainson, 1835 (inv.); Cyclopsidae Chenu, 1859 (inv.); Cyclonassinae Gill, 1871; Alectrionidae Dall, 1908; Arculariidae Iredale, 1915
    Bullinae Allmon, 1990 (not recognized by Haitao LI et al., 2010 [6])
    Cylleninae L. Bellardi, 1882
    Dorsaninae Cossmann, 1901 - synonym: Duplicatinae Muskhelishvili, 1967

2006 taxonomy
Photinae Gray, 1857 was recognized

2017 taxonomy
A new subfamily Anentominae was recognized.

    Anentominae Strong, Galindo & Kantor, 2017[7]

Genera
Genera within the family Nassariidae include:[8][9]

Nassariinae
    Adinassa Horro, Schönherr & Rolán, 2018
    Caesia H. Adams & A. Adams, 1853
    Demoulia Gray, 1838
    Nassarius Finlay, 1927
    Naytia H. Adams & A. Adams, 1853
    Phrontis H. Adams & A. Adams, 1853
    Reticunassa Iredale, 1936
    Tritia Risso, 1826

List of synonyms in Nassariinae:
    Aciculina A. Adams, 1853: synonym of Nassarius (Aciculina) A. Adams, 1853: synonym of Nassarius Duméril, 1805
    Alectrion Montfort, 1810 : synonym of Nassarius Duméril, 1805
    Alectryon Melvill, 1918: synonym of Alectrion Montfort, 1810: synonym of Nassarius (Alectrion) Montfort, 1810: synonym of Nassarius Duméril, 1805
    Allanassa Iredale, 1929: synonym of Nassarius (Allanassa) Iredale, 1929: synonym of Nassarius Duméril, 1805
    Amycla H. Adams & A. Adams, 1853: synonym of Tritia Risso, 1826
    Amyclina Iredale, 1918: synonym of Tritia Risso, 1826
    Arcularia Link, 1807: synonym of Nassarius Duméril, 1805
    Arculia Jousseaume, 1888: synonym of Arcularia Link, 1807: synonym of Nassarius Duméril, 1805
    Austronassaria C. Laseron & J. Laseron, 1956: synonym of Nassarius (Plicarcularia) Thiele, 1929: synonym of Nassarius Duméril, 1805
    † Bathynassa Ladd, 1976: synonym of Nassarius Duméril, 1805
    Cencus Gistel, 1848: synonym of Cyclope Risso, 1826: synonym of Tritia Risso, 1826
    † Chelenassa Shuto, 1969 : synonym of Nassarius (Plicarcularia) Thiele, 1929: synonym of Nassarius Duméril, 1805
    Cyclonassa Swainson, 1840: synonym of Cyclope Risso, 1826: synonym of Tritia Risso, 1826
    Cyclope Risso, 1826: synonym of Tritia Risso, 1826
    Cyclops Montfort, 1810 : synonym of Cyclope Risso, 1826; synonym of Tritia Risso, 1826
    Desmoulea Gray, 1847: synonym of Demoulia Gray, 1838
    Desmoulinsia: synonym of Demoulia Gray, 1838
    Eione Risso, 1826: synonym of Nassarius (Plicarcularia) Thiele, 1929: synonym of Nassarius Duméril, 1805
    † Fackia Nordsieck, 1972 : synonym of Nassarius (Gussonea) Monterosato, 1912: synonym of Tritia Risso, 1826
    Glabrinassa Shuto, 1969: synonym of Nassarius (Zeuxis) H. Adams & A. Adams, 1853: synonym of Nassarius Duméril, 1805
    Hebra H. Adams & A. Adams, 1853: synonym of Nassarius Duméril, 1805
    Hima Leach in Gray, 1852: synonym of Tritia Risso, 1826
    Hinia Leach, 1847: synonym of Tritia Risso, 1826
    Ilyanassa Stimpson, 1865: synonym of Tritia Risso, 1826
    † Mirua Marwick, 1931: synonym of Tritia Risso, 1826
    Moulinsia Tournouer, 1874: synonym of Demoulia Gray, 1838
    Nana Schumacher, 1817: synonym of Cyclope Risso, 1826: synonym of Tritia Risso, 1826
    Nanina Risso, 1826: synonym of Cyclope Risso, 1826: synonym of Tritia Risso, 1826
    Nassa Lamarck, 1799: synonym of Nassarius (Sphaeronassa) Locard, 1886 ; Nassa Röding, 1798 belongs to the subfamily Rapaninae in the family Muricidae
    Naytiopsis Thiele, 1929: synonym of Tritia Risso, 1826
    Neritula H. Adams & A. Adams, 1853: synonym of Cyclope Risso, 1826: synonym of Tritia Risso, 1826
    Niotha H. Adams & A. Adams, 1853: synonym of Nassarius (Niotha) H. Adams & A. Adams, 1853: synonym of Nassarius Duméril, 1805
    Pallacera Woodring, 1964: synonym of Nassarius (Pallacera) Woodring, 1964 : synonym ofNassarius Duméril, 1805
    Panormella O. G. Costa, 1840: synonym of Cyclope Risso, 1826: synonym of Tritia Risso, 1826
    Parcanassa Iredale, 1936: synonym of Tritia Risso, 1826
    Plicarcularia Thiele, 1929: synonym of Nassarius (Plicarcularia) Thiele, 1929: synonym of Nassarius Duméril, 1805
    Profundinassa Thiele, 1929: synonym of Nassarius (Profundinassa) Thiele, 1929: synonym of Nassarius Duméril, 1805
    Proneritula Thiele, 1929: synonym of Tritia Risso, 1826
    Pygmaeonassa Annandale, 1924: synonym of Nassarius (Pygmaeonassa) Annandale, 1924: synonym of Nassarius Duméril, 1805
    Reticarcularia Shuto, 1969: synonym of Nassarius (Plicarcularia) Thiele, 1929: synonym of Nassarius Duméril, 1805
    Scabronassa Peile, 1939: synonym of Nassarius Duméril, 1805
    Sphaeronassa Locard, 1886: synonym of Nassarius (Sphaeronassa) Locard, 1886
    Streptorhega Bronn, 1856: synonym of Demoulia Gray, 1838
    Tarazeuxis Iredale, 1936: synonym of Nassarius (Telasco) H. Adams & A. Adams, 1853: synonym of Tritia Risso, 1826
    Tavaniotha Iredale, 1936: synonym of Nassarius (Niotha) H. Adams & A. Adams, 1853: synonym of Nassarius Duméril, 1805
    Telasco H. & A. Adams, 1853: synonym of Nassarius (Telasco) H. Adams & A. Adams, 1853: synonym of Tritia Risso, 1826
    Tritonella A. Adams, 1852: synonym of Nassarius (Hima) Leach in Gray, 1852: synonym of Tritia Risso, 1826
    Uzita H. Adams & A. Adams, 1853: synonym of Tritia Risso, 1826
    Varicinassa Habe, 1946: synonym of Nassarius Duméril, 1805
    Venassa Martens, 1881: synonym of Nassarius (Zeuxis) H. Adams & A. Adams, 1853: synonym of Nassarius Duméril, 1805
    Zeuxis H. Adams & A. Adams, 1853: synonym of Nassarius (Zeuxis) H. Adams & A. Adams, 1853: synonym of Nassarius Duméril, 1805

Anentominae
    Anentome Cossmann, 1901[10]
    Clea H. Adams & A. Adams, 1855[10]
    Nassodonta H. Adams, 1867[10]

Buccinanopsinae Galindo, Puillandre, Lozouet & Bouchet, 2016
    Buccinanops d'Orbigny, 1841

Bullinae
    Bullia Gray, 1833
    † Bulliopsis Conrad, 1862
    Adinus H. Adams & A. Adams, 1853: synonym of Bullia Gray, 1833
    Leiodomus Swainson, 1840: synonym of Bullia Gray, 1833
    Pseudostrombus Mörch, 1852: synonym of Bullia Gray, 1833

Cylleninae
    Cyllene Gray in Griffith & Pidgeon, 1834
    Nassaria Link, 1807
    Tomlinia Peile, 1937
    Trajana Gardner, 1948
    Benthindsia Iredale, 1936: synonym of Nassaria Link, 1807
    Hindsia'' A. Adams, 1855: synonym of Nassaria Link, 1807
    Microfusus Dall, 1916: synonym ofNassaria Link, 1807
    Radulphus Iredale, 1924: synonym of Cyllene Gray, 1834

Dorsaninae
    † Cyllenina Bellardi, 1882
    † Desorinassa Nuttall & Cooper, 1973
    Dorsanum Gray, 1847
    † Keepingia Nuttall & J. Cooper, 1973
    † Lisbonia Palmer, 1937
    † Monoptygma Lea, 1833
    † Pseudocominella Nuttall & J. Cooper, 1973
    † Thanetinassa Nuttall & J. Cooper, 1973
    † Whitecliffia Nuttall & J. Cooper, 1973
    † Colwellia Nuttall & J. Cooper, 1973 : synonym of † Keepingia Nuttall & J. Cooper, 1973
    † Desorinassa Nuttall & J. Cooper, 1973 : synonym of † Keepingia Nuttall & J. Cooper, 1973
    † Duplicata Korobkov, 1955 : synonym of Dorsanum Gray, 1847

Photinae
    Antillophos Woodring, 1928[11]
    † Coraeophos Makiyama, 1936[11]
    † Cymatophos Pilsbry & Olsson, 1941[11]
    Engoniophos Woodring, 1928[11]
    † Europhos Landau, Harzhauser, Islamoglu & Silva, 2014[11]
    † Glyptophos Landau, da Silva & Heitz, 2016[11]
    † Judaphos Jung, 1995[11]
    Metaphos Olsson, 1964[11]
    Neoteron Pilsbry & Lowe, 1932[11]
    Northia Gray, 1847[11]
    † Philindophos Shuto, 1969[11]
    Phos Montfort, 1810[11]
    † Rhipophos Woodring, 1964[11]
    Strombinophos Pilsbry & Olsson, 1941[11]
    † Tritiaria Conrad, 1865[11]

Subfamily ?
    Adinopsis Odhner, 1923 : ? synonym of Bullia Gray in Griffith & Pidgeon, 1834
    Adinus H. Adams & A. Adams, 1853
    Ambullina Palmer, 1937[citation needed]
    Soyonassa Okutani, 1964

References
Nassa Röding, 1798. Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 24 February 2011.
(Ponder, 1973
The origin and evolution of the Neogastropoda.Malacologia. 1973;12(2):295-338.
Systematics of the family Nassariidae (Mollusca: Gastropoda), Bulletin of the Auckland Institute and Museum, 14, 356 p
The molecular phylogeny of the Buccinidae(Caenogastropoda: Neogastropoda) as inferred from the complete mitochondrial 16 S rRNA gene sequences of selected representatives, Molluscan Research 25 (2), pp. 85-98
Haitao Li (李海涛), Duan Lin (林端), Hongda Fang (方宏达), Aijia Zhu (朱艾嘉) and Yang Gao (高阳), Species identification and phylogenetic analysis of genus Nassarius (Nassariidae) based on mitochondrial genes , Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology, Volume 28, Number 3 / May, 2010, pp. 565-572, doi 10.1007/s00343-010-9031-4
Strong, E. E., Galindo, L. A., & Kantor, Y. I. (2017). "Quid est Clea helena? Evidence for a previously unrecognized radiation of assassin snails (Gastropoda: Buccinoidea: Nassariidae)". PeerJ 5: e3638. doi:10.7717/peerj.3638.
"Nassariidae". Integrated Taxonomic Information System.
Powell A W B, New Zealand Mollusca, William Collins Publishers Ltd, Auckland, New Zealand 1979 ISBN 0-00-216906-1
Bouchet, P. (2017). Anentominae Strong, Galindo & Kantor, 2017. In: MolluscaBase (2017). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=1027028 on 2017-11-22
    Bouchet, P.; Gofas, S. (2016). Photinae Gray, 1857. In: MolluscaBase (2017). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=225646 on 2017-11-22

External links
    Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nassariidae.

    Haasl, D.M. (September 2000). "PHYLOGENETIC RELATIONSHIPS AMONG NASSARIID GASTROPODS". Journal of Paleontology. 74 (5): 839–852. doi:10.1017/s0022336000033047.
    Miocene Gastropods and Biostratigraphy of the Kern River Area, California; United States Geological Survey Professional Paper 642 This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
    Galindo, L. A.; Puillandre, N.; Utge, J.; Lozouet, P.; Bouchet, P. (2016). The phylogeny and systematics of the Nassariidae revisited (Gastropoda, Buccinoidea). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 99: 337-353


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